Lednice - Horní les

LTER site
Lednice – Horní les
Major ecosystems
floodplain forest
Available data since
1968
Site coordinator
Luboš Purchart (lubos.purchart@mendelu.cz)
Institution
Mendel University in Brno, Institute of Forest Ecology (http://ipm.ldf.mendelu.cz/en/)
Area
4 ha
Altitude
164 m a.s.l.
Latitude
48°48’ N
Longitude
16°47’ E
Annual precipitation
ca. 545 mm
Temperature (air)
ca. 9.5°C
Other site category
Biosphere Reserve
Characteristics

The study plot was established by the Institute of Forest Ecology (Mendel University in Brno) in 1968, namely in connection with the UNESCO International Biological Programme (IBP) and the UNESCO programme “Man and the Biosphere” (MAB). Research was aimed at the primary production, element and water cycling and the secondary production of invertebrates, birds and small mammals. It refers to a semi-natural floodplain forest free of management measures characterized by the Ulmeto-Fraxinetum carpineum forest type group. Dominant tree species are as follows: Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur, Populus nigra, Tilia platyphyllos, and Acer campestre.

In consequence of flood control, the local floodplain forest was affected by changes in the water regime (absence of natural floods, fall of the groundwater table) from 1972. In the course of the 1970s and 1980s, it resulted in the insufficient supply of water. Since the 1990s, revitalization measures have been carried out (increasing the ground water level by means of channels) for improving forest health. Changes in the water regime have resulted in the improving condition of the floodplain forest ecosystem that has been documented owing to LTER on the site.

Following research activities are carried out there: (i) monitoring selected parameters of the stand microclimate and mesoclimate, (ii) evaluating the moisture balance in the forest ecosystems, (iii) evaluating the water regime and moisture conditions of the floodplain forest ecosystem, (iv) evaluating temperature and moisture conditions, (v) research into the water relations of trees, (vi) evaluating long-term changes in the synusia of small terrestrial mammals of the floodplain forest, and (vii) evaluating decomposition processes.

Map